Feeling stiff? Experiencing joint pain? Blaming it on getting older as you are ageing in place, receiving in home health care or aged care services? Arthritis could be a contributor and there are many forms of this disease. Some forms of arthritis are related to lifestyle and genetics, while others are related closely to chronic illness and are classified as autoimmune disorders. The good news is that with proper care and lifestyle changes, much of the pain associated with arthritis can be reduced or eliminated.
Arthritis Treatment and Exercise for Older Adults
All arthritis attacks joint tissue and bones. Currently, there is no cure for any one type of arthritis. Medically, each of these diseases has its own specific protocol that doctors can prescribe for treatment. Yet, there is research and anecdotal evidence that there is much we can do that will reduce and even eliminate symptoms.
It comes down to eating a healthy well-balanced diet, exercise, weight loss if one is obese, and getting enough sleep. All require effort and the willingness to change some lifelong habits in the interest of feeling better, but if you receive in home care or aged care services, then support is easily at hand.
It is also important, especially for those who have been living with arthritis for a while, to learn the best ways to manage whatever physical limitations they have. Wearing the right shoes, using a cane if necessary, getting some help from a physical therapist to properly align the body and stretch to increase or maintain mobility, or other forms of in home health care or aged care services are all important details to evaluate.
Best Exercises for Seniors with Arthritis
When it comes to exercise, do what you like. You may have to experiment a bit but ensuring you do something that you enjoy, and feel is helpful, means you are more likely to stick with it.
As with any chronic condition, if you have arthritis be sure to discuss your exercise plan with your aged care services and your doctor. It is important to take into account any injuries, balance issues, and range limitations that you might be experiencing. The good news is that you can, with time and patience, greatly reduce pain and increase flexibility and strength.
Assuming your doctor hasn’t said any specific type of exercise is off-limits, you may want to explore these options:
- Swimming. Swim, do water aerobics, or just walk in the pool. Being in the pool helps improve your cardiovascular fitness as well as strengthen your muscles. While you get stronger, you also minimise the stress on your joints and bones. Get in touch with your local council to find out more about the swimming pools near you. IF you receive in home care, then your home care agency can accompany you to the pool.
- Yoga. If you are new to yoga, find a beginner’s class with a teacher who knows that you have arthritis. They will be able to guide you into asanas (positions) that take into consideration your limitations. When doing yoga, just keep your eyes on your own mat and be very gentle with each movement. With patience and time, you will be surprised by the benefits that this practice will bring your way. You can also find many classes online and any home care assistance you receive can join you.
- Resistance band workouts. These are beginner-friendly stretching tools that are perfect for working out at the gym or at home. Working with bands can help you challenge your muscles in ways you might not be able to otherwise. Benefits of learning to work with bands include strengthening the back, improving posture, and opening up the flexibility of the hip joints and shoulders.
- Walking. It is the most natural and for many the easiest way to begin an exercise routine. Just put on your most comfortable shoes and go for it! As with every form of exercise, begin where you are. You may begin with a 15-minute walk around the block twice and call it a gold star day. The point is to do it again tomorrow and the next day, slowly building up your distance and time spent outdoors. This is a great activity to do with your in home care worker or nurse at home too. It works on a cardiovascular level, strengthens bones, can support increased flexibility, and general well-being.
Exercise in some form is really important, especially when one suffers from a chronic condition. With the proper treatment and support from a doctor or aged are service, one is able to begin to do some form of exercise that will fortify the body and help it through a flare. If you’re looking for other ideas, consider exercises that incorporate the following benefits:
- Range of motion and flexibility like dancing or tai chi
- Aerobic and endurance exercise classes
- Strength exercises like lifting some weights or isometric exercise
Activities to do with a Loved One with Arthritis
There are very few boundaries when it comes to activities to do with a loved one who suffers from arthritis. There might be a few accommodations that need to be made to ensure that the activity is as enjoyable as can be, but other than that the only limit here is imagination. It is wise to take into account a person’s physical limitations. Aged care services and in home care agencies are experts at this. Here are just a few ideas to get you going:
- Exercise. Attend a yoga class or a tai chi class together. Doing some sort of physical exercise with another person, even if it is your in home care serice or nurse at home, is mutually supportive and can help alleviate arthritic pain.
- Gardening. Whether looking after pots on a terrace or having an actual garden, there is always something that needs to be done to maintain and care for what it is that is growing.
- Cooking. Getting together with your loved one and preparing a meal together can be one of the sweetest things to do. Prepping food and chopping things is often difficult when one has joint pain in the hands. Home care assistance teams will offer to be the sous chef and prep all the ingredients, as can family carers. Make enough so you can freeze the extras and after it’s all done, sit down to a lovely meal together.
Thoughtful Gifts for Seniors with Arthritis
There is always an occasion to give a gift to someone you care about. While it can be a bit of a sensitive issue to give a loved one a gift that speaks to their arthritis, there are some good gifts to give that are practical, helpful, and make day-to-day activities easier. Even if your loved one receives home care assistance, or is in aged care services, there will always be times when independence can be supported. If you’re looking to give a loved one something useful, try the following:
- Automatic jar opener. Who has never struggled with a jar lid? Imagine arthritic hands not able to open that great jar of jam! Giving a jar opener might provide your loved one a little more independence and the kind of breakfast they want. Consider throwing in a jar or three of their favourite preserves.
- Adjustable folding cane. These can be great to have in the car boot and are a relief when that walk is a little too long, or there are stairs without handrails, and a little extra support is needed. They are discrete and useful for one who doesn’t necessarily need a cane all the time.
- Touch-on table lamp. A great gift for anyone! Sometimes that light switch on your reading lamp is just out of easy reach, and once reached difficult to manoeuvre. Just touching the base turns these lamps on and off. Obviously, a brilliant help for someone with dexterity issues.
- Ergonomic pens, chairs, and supports of all kinds. Ergonomic gadgets of all kinds exist. Chances are you can find an ergonomic design for any household tool, kitchen gadget, piece of furniture that you could possibly imagine. If your loved one with arthritis has a need for a gadget, consider the ergonomic version first.
What Type of Arthritis is Most Common in the Elderly?
There are several types of arthritis that affect all ages, they include:
- Rheumatoid Arthritis, and Lupus
Let’s briefly outline each type:
This is the most common form of arthritis among those ageing in place or in aged care services. Some refer to it as “wear and tear” arthritis and think of it as inevitable for joints to break down over time. It mostly occurs in the knees, hips, and hands.
With OA, the cartilage begins to break down and the underlying bone begins to change. These changes worsen over time. OA can cause one to feel pain, stiffness, and swelling. At its worst, some people are disabled, require in home care or a nurse at home, and are no longer able to work.
The risk of developing OA increases with age and women experience OA more than men do. Obesity puts a lot of stress on joints and can increase the risk of developing OA.
The main symptoms of OA are:
- Pain or aching
- Decreased flexibility
- Swelling of joints
Osteoarthritis relief: Medications are available to provide pain relief from OA. Your doctor may give you an injection in an affected joint to reduce the pain. Some people decide to have surgery to replace joints damaged by OA.
Gout is a very painful form of inflammatory arthritis and is fairly common. It usually affects one joint, predominantly the big toe. Initially when one experiences symptoms, known as flares, it can start suddenly and last for days or weeks. Often a flare is followed by remission, which can last for weeks, months, or years. It can stay in one joint or affect other joints such as other toe joints, the ankle, or the knee.
Symptoms of gout include:
- Pain, usually intense
Those most likely to experience gout are obese men with certain health conditions which include:
- Poor kidney function
- Metabolic syndrome
Gout relief: There is no cure for gout. But it is known to be caused by a condition called hyperuricemia. This is a condition where there is too much uric acid in the body. This is often associated with diet. Many believe that with changes to one’s diet and activity the effects of gout can be reduced or even eliminated. While there is no cure for gout, it can be effectively managed with medications and health management strategies. If you receive home care assistance or other aged care services, your workers will be experts in supporting you with these strategies.
Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)
RA is a serious autoimmune disease, which means that your immune system attacks healthy cells in your body, causing inflammation in the affected parts of the body. It usually attacks several joints at the same time. Most commonly it affects the hands, wrists, and knees. RA causes damage to the joint tissue that can result in chronic pain.
Lupus is also an autoimmune disease that can appear to be RA. They share many of the exact same symptoms. Similarly, it affects the immune system and can cause severe joint and tissue pain. Lupus differs in that it can affect any organ of the body. It is important to work closely with a rheumatologist when getting treatment and making sure that a clear diagnosis is made.
Like OA, RA can flare up and with the proper care, calm down and go into remission.
Symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis include:
- Pain and stiffness in more than one joint
- Tenderness and swelling in more than one joint
- The same symptoms on both sides of the body, such as in both hands
- Weight loss and fatigue
While RA can be diagnosed at any age, it mostly occurs in women who are over the age of 60, including those ageing in place or in aged care services. Also, people born with specific genes are more likely to develop RA. Other risk factors include:
- Smoking and early exposure to smokers
- Women who haven’t breastfed
Rheumatoid arthritis relief: There are several options that can be used to treat RA. Medications can be prescribed to manage and relieve pain and control inflammation. There are also anti-rheumatic drugs that can slow the damage that this disease causes.
Given that RA is an autoimmune disease, there is no cure. It is a disease that can be managed and, in some cases, maintain years and years of remission. But it is necessary to monitor the disease and work on diet, exercise, and sleep – something that home care assistance and aged care services workers have expertise in supporting. With serious lifestyle changes, it has been shown that people can reduce the pain and severity associated with flares.
The good news is that there are many ways to help reduce the severity of flares and chronic pain. It is important to consider all the aspects of treating arthritis, especially in care for the elderly. Proper treatment and support from a doctor, physical therapist or other aged care services are as indispensable as being proactive in changing our personal habits. Exercise and diet can help fortify and strengthen the body. Research is clearly showing us that successful treatment of arthritis requires a holistic care approach which aligns strongly with our philosophy at Home Care Assistance.
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As a leading age care provider, Home Care Assistance offers tailored in-home care services for older Australians, enabling them to live happier and healthier lives in the comfort of their own homes.
We offer private and government subsidised Care Packages and have office locations that are a registered NDIS provider. Our Care Workers undergo extensive training in order to deliver unmatched in-home aged care services where people can continue ageing in place. We are proud ambassadors of the My Aged Care government funded aged care program, enabling Australians to successfully navigate the process and gain approval for in-home care support packages. Home Care Assistance offers hourly care, specialised care, Alzheimer’s and Dementia care, hospital to home care, and 24 hour in home care.